The history of the West Java uprising TII and its causes
One type of rebellion that gives many people memories of his time is in west Java TII. This is because, the incident was enough to bring a lot of victims. In fact, the event also happened in a fairly long period of time. So many people still remember today.
Even after the Republic of Indonesia became independent, people fought even harder. National heroes face many events that are much more already than during the Indonesian struggle. Even at that moment, the resistance that took place came from the Indonesian people themselves. The incident occurred because the ideology was not in line with the government.
Many groups of individuals are dissatisfied with what the Indonesian government is implementing. So there were quite a few rebels by the people themselves, for example, the DI TII movement. If the center itself is in the regional part of Indonesia, such as West Java itself.
There are still many places in Indonesia, such as Kalimantan, Aceh, or Sulawesi. But in the end, the efforts that took place were also successfully thwarted by the government. The attempted counter-attack was a success, as the resistance was given quite fiercely from different parties. Pergerakan is still known by the public.
Background in West Java TII
The Islam gift action of the Indonesian Islamic army itself is a movement in the political field with the beginning of development in the Tasikmalaya area. This resistance was initially exposed to the Islamic State of INdonesia. Exactly on August 7, 1949. This happened a few years after the proclamation.
The uprising in west Java TII led by Sekarmadji figure Maridjan Kartosoewirjo was aimed at creating Indonesia to become an Islamic state where the end was to proclaim the nii itself. This event itself took place because Kartosoewirjo felt disappointed with the content of the Renville agreement.
The content of the treaty itself is believed to abuse the honor of the hero of independence. The content of the treaty itself was the Indonesian state that was forced by the Dutch to give up the West Java area. Indeed, before the emergence of this resistance, Kartosoewirjo was already a politician. So it’s not surprising to have a lot of political experience.
Even in the Party of Islam in Indonesia, Beliau is very fanatical about the religion of Islam. He also had the thought of a hijra policy in which his leadership should beused. Background in TII West Java unites every branch in Indonesia agar can fight against a government that disagrees.
It’s not just on the move because of a common religious ideology. The leaders and members of the movement were also instigated by its west Java leader. This resistance was actually because Kartosoewirjo was dissatisfied with the independence of the Republic of Indonesia, which was still overshadowed by the Dutch who wanted to continue to control Indonesia.
The purpose of creating a movement in TII
The uprising in the West Java TII was led by the leader of the Sekarmadji community, Maridjan Kartosoewirjo himself, because it was to achieve his goals as he wished. As an action, INDEED, the TII itself is trying to create a state where the basis is Islamic law. In addition, the country was liberated from Dutch colonization.
For more details, the purpose of this resistance itself is to create an Indonesian Islamic state that is recognised by the state; in fact, they also want to be recognised by international law. In addition, this resistance was also formed because it wanted to make Indonesia a country that had an Islamic base.
The leader of this action is to make Islamic law so that it becomes the law of the Indonesian state, of course, guided by two things, namely the hadith and the Qur’an. Not only that, they formedanIslamic state because they wanted to change the laws of the government to be just like Islam.
The purpose of the formation of the uprising in the West Java TII was because the figures rejected the ideology and laws of Hadith and the Quran. Even in addition to the existence of these two things, they argue that if theyfollow the other, they are considered unbelievers. But it is very regrettable, because the main purpose of this movement was formed to fight the Dutch.
But it turned out to be radical. As everyone knows, Indonesia itself has the greatest variety of beliefs. Where there are 6 largest religions in it and have been recognized by the state as well. So it is not wise to make Islam more special than other religions.
Founder of the Uprising of west Java TII
The appearance of the DI action itself was initially because two people were suspected of having an important role in the formation of the action. About the first person is the kyai of Jusuf Tauziri. It is said that he is the founder in the early stages of the creation of a peaceful Islamic movement.
But in the end, he also withdrew his support for Kartosoewirjo for the fight against the Indonesian state. However, many people know the main character for DI itself is Kartosoewirjo. The figure of a figure born and raised in the Java region almost spent his time having a career in West Java.
In fact, he himself is not originally from West Java, but originally a central Javanese, who was born in Cepu. The location of the area itself is between Bojonegoro and Blora. The figure who was born on 7 February 1905 received an education using Dutch in elementary school and his first menege.
In fact, according to his story, he also did not have much information about the religion of Islam and the Arabic language. There was even a course to be able to enter the East Indies of dutch tabibab school, which is located in Surabaya. In that area he met with H. Oemar Said , who then became president of the PSII.
The DI TII West Java movement itself was initially a bad reaction given by Kartosoewirjo and his group regarding the rejection of the Renville agreement. The agreementwas concluded by mutual agreement from Indonesia and the Netherlands. This is what makes up the Gift of Islam and its members of the army is the TII itself.
Crackdown on insurgency in West Java TII
As not a few people know, the event in West Java TII is the biggest event in the country and is remembered by almost everyone. Even in some places it also supports the movement. With the aim of being able to form a state that is in accordance with the Islamic religion.
Even the government of the Republic of Indonesia at that time had just declared independence and fought again against the Dutch. The government has once again faced resistance from its own people. Of course, this causes the government to work for many things so that it can eradicate the movement. The aim is that negara can also be maintained integration.
In West Java, this effort of repression started from a peaceful way. Where Moh Natsir formed the committee. But the method that was carried out did not work. After that, it was again tracked through the use of another method, namely the use of military operations. Eventually , Kartosoewirjo was arrested in 1962 in the area of Mount Salak.
The operation also targeted the community, so the movement of TII members was limited. As for the punishment given is to die. Indeed, the action in TII West Java is not a small victim and becomes a major event after independence that you need to know.