History of the uprising in TII West Java and its causes
One form of rebellion that gives many people memories of its time is IN TII West Java. This is because the incident was enough to make many victims. In fact, the event also happened in a rather long period of time . So many people still remember it.
Even after the Republic of Indonesia became independent, they fought even harder. National heroes are confronted with many events that are already much more than during the Indonesian struggle. Also at that time the resistance that arose came from the Indonesian people themselves. The incident took place because the ideology was not in line with the government.
Many groups of individuals are dissatisfied with what the Indonesian government is implementing. So there were quite a few rebels by the people themselves, for example the DI TII movement. Where the center itself is located in the regional part of Indonesia, such as West Java itself.
There are still many places in Indonesia such as Kalimantan, Aceh or Sulawesi. But in the end, the efforts that took place were also successfully thwarted by the government. The attempted obstructionist was a success because the resistance was given rather fiercely by different parties. Pannoyanceait can still be widely known to the public.
Background in TII West Java
The darul Islam action of the Indonesian Islamic Army itself is a movement in the political field with the beginning of development in the Tasikmalaya area. This resistance was originally exposed by the Islamic State of Indonesia. Exactly on August 7 , 1949. This happened a few years after the proclamation.
The uprising in TII West Java led by Sekarmadji figure Maridjan Kartosoewirjo aimed to create Indonesia into an Islamic state where the end was to proclaim nii itself. This event itself took place because Kartosoewirjo felt abandoned by the content of the Renville Agreement.
The content of the treaty itself is supposed to abuse the honor of the hero of independence. The content of the treaty itself was the Indonesian state that was forced by the Dutch to give up the West Java area. In fact, as much as this resistance occurred, Kartosoewirjo was already a politician. So it’s not surprising to have a lot of political experience .
Even in the sarekat Islam party of Indonesia, beliau is very fanatical about the religion of Islam. He also had the idea of a hijra policy in which it should be used in his leadership. The background in TII West Java unites every branch in Indonesia thatcan fight a gar against a government that disagrees.
It is not only moving because of one commonality of a religious ideology. The leaders and members of the movement were also spurred on by the leader from West Java. This resistance was actually because Kartosoewirjo was dissatisfied with the independence of the Republic of Indonesia which was still overshadowed by the Dutch who wanted to continue to control Indonesia.
The goal of creating a movement in TII
The performance ofp emberontakan IN TII West Java was led by sekarmadji community leader Maridjan Kartosoewirjo himself becauseit was to achieve the goal according to his wishes. As an action, TII itself is trying to create a country where the basis is sharia in Islam. In addition, the country was liberated by Dutch colonization.
For more details, the goal of this resistance itself is to create an Indonesian Islamic state recognized by the state. In fact, they also want to be recognized by international law. In addition, this resistance was also formed because it wanted to make Indonesia a country that had an Islamic base.
The leader of this action is to make Islamic law so that it becomes the law of the Indonesian state , of course guided by two things, namely the hadith and the Qur’an. Not only that, they formedan Islamic state because they wanted to change the laws of the government to be the same as Islam.
The purpose of the formation of the uprising in TII West Java was because the figures rejected the ideology and laws of the hadith and the Qur’an. Even in addition to the existence of these two things, they claim that if they follow the other, they are considered unbelievers. But it is very unfortunate, because the main goal of this movement was to fight the Dutch.
But it turned out to be radical. As everyone knows, Indonesia itself has the greatest variety of beliefs. Which includes 6 major religions and is also recognized by the state . So it is not wise to make Islam more special than other religions.
Founder of the Uprising in TII West Java
The rise of the DI action itself was initially because two people were suspected of playing an important role in the formation of the action. About the first person is the kyai of Jusuf Tauziri. He is said to be the founder in the early stages of creating a peaceful Islamic movement.
But eventually he also withdrew his support for Kartosoewirjo for the fight against the Indonesian state. However, many people know that the main character for DI is kartosoewirjo himself. The figure of a figure born and raised in the Java region almost spent his time pursuing a career in West Java.
In fact, he himself is not from West Java, but originally a Central Javanese, who was born in Cepu. The location of the area itself is between Bojonegoro and Blora. The figure, who was born on February 7, 1905, received a dutch education at primary school and his first menegah.
In fact, according to his story, he also did not have much insight into the religion of Islam and the Arabic language. There was even a course to enter the Dutch-Indies tabibab school in Surabaya. It was in that area that he H. met. Umar Said who then became chairman of PSII.
The DI TII West Java movement itself was initially a bad reaction from Kartosoewirjo and his group about the rejection of the renville agreement. Theagreement was concluded in consultation with Indonesia and the Netherlands. This is what constitutes Darul Islam and its members of the army, tii itself is.
Crackdown on insurgency in West Java TII
As not a few people know, the event in TII West Java is the largest event in the country and is remembered by almost everyone. Even in some places, it supports the movement. With the aim of being able to form a state that is in accordance with the Islamic religion.
Even the government of the Republic of Indonesia at the time also just declared its independence and fought again against the Dutch. The government again encountered resistance from its own people. This, of course, causes the government to strive for many things so that it can eradicate the movement. The goal is that negara can also be maintained.
In West Java, this crackdown began peacefully. Where Moh Natsir formed the committee. But the method that was carried out , did not work. After that, it was pursued again using another method, namely the use of military operations. Kartosoewirjo was finally arrested in 1962 in the area of Mount Salak.
The operation also involved the community, so the movement of the MEMBERS of THE TII was limited. As for the punishment given is to die. Indeed, the action in TII West Java is not a few casualties and becomes an important event after independence that you need to know.